Step by step guide to laying turf grass
Cultivated turf grass allows you to enjoy a lawn of instant beauty and maturity without the inconvenience and time consuming problems of seeding. To ensure the best results and a quality finish to your new lawn the following steps should be carried out. Ground preparation is vital to the future of your new lawn. Inadequately prepared and unfertilised ground will not give satisfactory results.
Please remember that turf is a mass of living plants and a certain amount of care and maintenance will be required to ensure it grows to its full potential.
1. Existing lawn/weeds should be moved by:
Spraying with a complete weed control e.g. roundup, carefully following the guidelines on the products label. Do not rotavate until 10 days after spraying roundup
Cut under the grass/weeds with a spade removing all sods and clods
2. Preparing the soil for turf grass
Soil needs to be turned over to a depth of 15cm. This can be achieved by either digging over the area or by using a rotavator (available at hire shops)
Ensure the area is free of any debris, stones, weeds or old turf.
The ground should be raked over to produce a smooth surface. At this stage the ground may be lightly rolled or firmed by foot to reveal any soft areas which then can be raked level. This process should be carried out until the ground is evenly firm and smooth. A wide rake makes levelling easier. The ground should be firm but not compact.
A pre-turfing fertiliser should be applied over the soil.
Fertiliser can be ordered with your turf and application rates should be followed for best results.
Measure your proposed lawn area accurately in square metres. Turf grass is supplied in 1 sq yard (0.836 sq meter) rolls for easy laying. As turf grass is cut to order, you should contact us giving us as much notice of delivery date as possible and in any case at least 48 hours. Ensure you give full details of the amount of lawnturf required, your name, address, telephone number and the date required. Turf should be laid within 12 – 24 hours of delivery, therefore the preparation work should be carried out in advance of the turf arriving
6. Laying the turf grass
Start by laying the first row along the longest straight line and work across the area staggering the joints in each row – as in brickwork. Butt and push the edges and ends against each other but do not stretch the turf too much.
Avoid using small strips at the edges as these might dry out and perish. Use a sharp knife or half moon spade to cut the end of a row.
Avoid walking on newly laid turf – boards can be placed down for working on, or walking along.
Ensure that the turf has full contact with the soil.
7. Watering the turf
Newly laid turf must be watered within half an hour of installation.
Give the turf a really good soaking and check that the water has seeped through the turf and into the soil below ( turn up a corner to check that this has happened ) This watering must be repeated until the turf has established. Weather conditions will dictate the frequency of watering required. Ensure that your new lawn has enough moisture to survive hot dry and windy weather. If laid during hot periods, watering should be repeated at least three times each day, otherwise twice daily should be sufficient.
If there are any signs of the turf grass drying out – water it immediately.
We recommend that you do not mow your new turf grass until it has rooted. This can be easily checked by lifting a corner of the turf to see if the roots have attached to the soil. Your lawn mower should be set at a high setting – It is important that the lawn is not scalped during early mowings. Mow your new lawn often, each time removing a third of the grass height. Once established, the grass height can be reduced gradually to your ideal level. Optimum heights are between 15mm and 35mm.
9. Lawn Feeding
Feeding in the first 6 weeks will not be required as you have used a pre-turfing fertiliser. There are many lawn feeds for turf grass available. Manufacturers instructions should always be carefully followed.